Image by Francisco Cardona. Click for a larger view.

There has been significant research and discussion regarding Canalscape. Some of the research is linked from this page, and includes work done by faculty, students, other scholars, government, community members, and more. For more information on the research, please contact the original author. If no information is provided, send an email to

Maps: Here are some maps that were developed by various students from Arizona State University and University of Colorado at Denver.

Precedents: This is a collection of local, national and international precedents for this project. Canalscape is founded on a strong history of similar settings – from Venice and Amsterdam, to San Antonio’s River Walk. Learn more about these precedents here.

Timeline of Canal Development:

Timeline of canal development by Francisco Cardoña. Click to see larger view, and click-and-drag to scroll around the timeline.


City Limits

Phoenix Districts

Population Density

Historic Land Use 1995

Intersections in Phoenix

Parks and Open Space

Historic Land Use 1934